How to Become a Data Scientist in 2024: A 5-Step Guide to Get the Job

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Data scientists are becoming increasingly central to the operations of companies in nearly every industry. Their ability to sift through vast amounts of data and extract meaningful insights makes them invaluable in IT, healthcare, finance, retail, and beyond.

As data becomes even more integral to business strategies, the demand for skilled data scientists is set to rise, cementing data science as a key career path in today’s economy.

So, how to be a data scientist? In this article, we explore the required education, key skills, and practical experiences needed to start a successful data science career.

Key Takeaways

  • A degree in Computer Science, Statistics, Mathematics, or a related field is essential.
  • Technical skills like Python or R programming, machine learning, and data visualization are necessary, along with soft skills such as communication and problem-solving.
  • Data science certifications, like the Certified Data Scientist or IBM Data Science Professional Certificate, can boost your profile.
  • Gaining hands-on experience through internships, freelance projects, or contributions to open-source projects is critical for practical skill application.
  • Building a professional network and staying updated with new tools and technologies can advance your career.
  • Tailoring applications, preparing for interviews, and showcasing projects and skills are key to successfully launching a career in data science.

The Rise of the Data Scientist

The job market reflects the growing need for these professionals. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, jobs in computer and information research, which includes data scientists, are expected to grow by 35% from 2022 to 2032 — significantly faster than the average for all occupations. This is a clear indicator of the importance that data analysis plays in modern business strategies.

Data science impacts companies by allowing them to better understand customer behavior, streamline operations, and innovate faster. This capability improves how companies operate and gives them a competitive edge in their markets.

Data Scientist Salary & Job Summary

What is a data scientist? And what do data scientists do?
A data scientist is a professional who specializes in analyzing complex data to help organizations make better decisions and predict future trends. They use a combination of statistical expertise, programming skills, and knowledge of the business to extract valuable insights from data.

Are you thinking of becoming a data scientist? If so, make sure you tick these boxes while reading a typical data scientist job description:

  • Educational Background: Typically a degree in Computer Science, Statistics, Mathematics, or a related field.
  • Technical Skills: Proficiency in programming languages like Python or R and familiarity with SQL and database management.
  • Analytical Skills: Strong ability in statistical analysis and mathematical modeling.
  • Machine Learning Knowledge: Understanding of machine learning techniques and algorithms.
  • Data Visualization: Ability to create and interpret data visualizations.
  • Problem-Solving Skills: Strong analytical and problem-solving abilities.
  • Communication: Excellent communication skills to translate complex data into understandable insights.

As of the latest figures, the data scientist’s average salary in the United States can be between $71,000 and $206,000 annually, depending on experience, education, and location.

Data scientists’ salaries can vary widely depending on industry and specific roles. For more detailed and current salary information, keep an eye on reports on sites like Glassdoor or Payscale.

How to Become a Data Scientist: A 5-Step Guide

Image detailing the steps on how to become a data scientist

1. Pursue a Relevant Data Science Degree

A strong educational foundation is necessary for anyone looking to enter a data science career. Typically, data scientists hold a degree in one of the following areas:

  • Computer Science: Provides a solid understanding of algorithms, programming, and software design.
  • Statistics: Equips students with the skills to analyze and make inferences from complex data sets.
  • Mathematics: Offers expertise in quantitative analysis and logical reasoning.
  • Data Science: Specifically tailored to cover all aspects of data analysis, including machine learning, data mining, and big data

Other beneficial fields include economics, engineering, and natural sciences, particularly if they involve computational, statistical, or analytical coursework.

Formal data scientist qualifications and education in these fields help build the fundamental skills required for the job, such as critical thinking, complex problem-solving, and statistical analysis. A degree not only imparts theoretical knowledge but also practical skills through coursework, projects, and internships. These experiences provide real-world exposure and hands-on practice.

Most employers look for candidates with at least a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, but increasingly, a master’s or PhD is preferred, especially for more advanced positions.

The advanced degrees often focus more on developing specialized knowledge and research skills that can be directly applied in a data science career.

2. Grow Your Data Science Skills

You’re going to need a robust set of skills to really excel in data science. Here are the key technical skills that every data scientist must have:

Image showing the technical skill that every data scientist must have

Soft Skills & Nice-to-Have Qualifications

Beyond technical expertise, certain soft skills and additional qualifications can improve your effectiveness as a data scientist.

  • Business Acumen: Understanding the business context where data science is applied helps in tailoring data-driven strategies that align with business goals.
  • Communication Skills: The ability to clearly communicate findings and insights from complex data analyses to non-technical stakeholders is important. This includes both written and verbal communication skills.
  • Problem-Solving Skills: Strong analytical thinking and problem-solving skills allow data scientists to devise innovative solutions to complex data challenges.
  • Teamwork & Collaboration: Data science is often a collaborative field, requiring interaction with other data scientists, engineers, and business stakeholders.
  • Project Management: Skills in managing projects, prioritizing tasks, and meeting deadlines are beneficial, especially in lead roles or when handling multiple projects.

Additional nice-to-have qualifications might include experience with cloud services like AWS, Azure, or Google Cloud, which are increasingly used for data science operations.

Knowledge of advanced statistical methods, experiment design, or specialized software for data-intensive industries can also set you apart as a candidate in the job market.

3. Gain Data Science Certifications

Gaining certifications in data science can strengthen your credentials and demonstrate your expertise and commitment to the field. Certifications can help bridge the gap between academic theory and practical skills, making you more competitive in the job market. They provide structured learning paths and are often recognized by employers as a mark of professional achievement.

Here’s a list of some top data science certifications that can improve your profile:

Image showing the top 5 data science certifications to boost your career

  • Certified Data Scientist (CDS): Offered by the Data Science Council of America (DASCA), this certification is geared towards professionals who have a solid foundation in data science and wish to validate their expertise in big data analytics.
  • IBM Data Science Professional Certificate: This professional certification by IBM on Coursera is designed for beginners and covers data science topics, including open-source tools and libraries, methodologies, Python, databases, SQL, data visualization, data analysis, and machine learning.
  • Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Scientist Associate: This certification demonstrates your expertise in using Azure’s machine learning tools. It is suitable for data scientists who use Azure to build and run machine learning workloads.
  • Google Professional Data Engineer: This certification is ideal for those looking to show their proficiency in building and maintaining data structures and databases on the Google Cloud Platform. It’s particularly focused on the skills needed to analyze data with Google Cloud’s tools.
  • SAS Certified Advanced Analytics Professional Using SAS 9: Suitable for individuals who wish to demonstrate their ability to use advanced analytics techniques using SAS software. This certification covers predictive modeling, data mining, optimization, and simulation techniques.

These certifications can provide a competitive edge by showcasing your capabilities in specific areas of data science, allowing you to stand out to potential employers and advance your career.

4. Master Data Science Tools

Data science requires a robust toolkit, including software and technologies that facilitate data analysis, modeling, and visualization.

Here’s a look at some essential tools that every data scientist should be familiar with:

  • SQL Databases: Understanding SQL is necessary for querying databases effectively. It helps retrieve, update, and manipulate data stored in a relational database.
  • Python Libraries: Python is a staple in the data science community because of its simplicity and powerful libraries. Key libraries include:
    • Pandas for data manipulation and analysis
    • NumPy for numerical data processing
    • SciPy for scientific and technical computing
    • Scikit-learn for machine learning
    • TensorFlow and Keras for deep learning
  • R Programming: R is another important tool that is especially useful in statistics and graphical representations. It offers numerous packages like ggplot2 for data visualization and caret for machine learning.
  • Data Visualization Tools: Tools such as Tableau, Power BI, and Matplotlib in Python are great for creating intuitive data visualizations to communicate findings effectively.
  • Big Data Technologies: Proficiency in platforms like Apache, Hadoop, and Spark is beneficial for handling large-scale data processing.

Tips on How to Learn & Get Proficient with These Tools

  1. Structured Learning: Consider taking online courses or tutorials that offer hands-on projects. Platforms like Coursera, Udacity, or freeCodeCamp provide comprehensive courses on Python, R, SQL, and more.
  2. Practical Application: Apply the skills you learn by working on personal or open-source projects. This hands-on experience will strengthen your profile.
  3. Join Communities: Engage with other data scientists in forums or communities such as Stack Overflow, GitHub, or specific subreddits. Learning from peers can accelerate your understanding and problem-solving skills.
  4. Stay Updated: The field of data science is always evolving. Regularly read blogs, attend workshops and follow industry news to stay up-to-date with the latest tools and technologies.
  5. Use Documentation: Don’t overlook the importance of reading the official documentation of tools and libraries. They often contain a wealth of information and are updated with the latest features and best practices.

5. Launch Your Career in Data Science

Launching a career in data science involves more than just acquiring the necessary technical skills. It also requires gaining practical experience, building a professional portfolio, and effectively networking within the industry.

Here are some actionable tips and strategies to help you begin and succeed in your data science career:

Gain Practical Experience

  • Internships: Start with internships that offer the opportunity to work on real-world data sets and solve actual business problems. This is invaluable for understanding the practical aspects of the job.
  • Freelance Projects: Consider freelance opportunities available on platforms like Upwork or Freelancer. These projects can sharpen your skills and expand your experience.
  • Open Source Contributions: Participate in open-source projects related to data science. Sites like GitHub offer many projects where you can contribute, helping you to learn collaboration and version control systems.

Build a Portfolio

  • Showcase Your Projects: Build a portfolio of projects that showcase your ability to extract insights from data. Include a variety of projects that demonstrate your skills in data cleaning, analysis, visualization, and modeling.
  • Blog Posts: Regularly write and publish blog posts on platforms like Medium or your personal website. Explain your data science projects or explore data-related topics to demonstrate your expertise and thought process.
  • Use Portfolio Websites: Platforms like GitHub or a personal website can be excellent places to host and display your work publicly.

Enhance Networking Skills

  • Professional Networks: Join professional networks such as LinkedIn and actively engage with the data science community. Participate in discussions, share articles, and connect with industry professionals.
  • Conferences and Meetups: Attend data science conferences, workshops, and local meetups. These gatherings are great opportunities to meet professionals and learn about the latest industry trends and technologies.
  • Online Communities: Engage in online communities and forums such as Stack Overflow, Data Science Central, or specific Reddit threads related to data science.

Strategies for Applying to Data Science Positions

  • Tailor Your Applications: Customize your resume and cover letter for each job application based on the job description and required skills. Highlight relevant projects and experiences that align with the job requirements.
  • Prepare for Interviews: Research common data science interview questions and practice your answers. Be ready to explain your thought process clearly and discuss your past projects and the tools you used.
  • Showcase Soft Skills: In interviews, demonstrate your problem-solving skills, your ability to work in teams, and your communication skills. Data scientists often need to explain complex concepts to non-experts, so showing that you can do this effectively is important.

By following these tips, you can improve your visibility in the field of data science, prove your capabilities to potential employers, and increase your chances of securing a job in this competitive field.

Data Analyst vs. Data Scientist: What’s the Difference?

Both data analysts and data scientists work extensively with, you guessed it, data. The responsibilities, scope, and tools they use can be very different, though.

Aspect Data Analyst Data Scientist
Primary Role Focus on processing and performing statistical analysis to interpret data. Build complex predictive models and algorithms to forecast future outcomes.
Responsibilities ● Data cleaning
● Exploratory data analysis
● Generating reports
Creating dashboards
● Designing data modeling processes
● Creating algorithms and predictive models
● Analyzing data
Skills ● Analytical skills
● Proficiency in statistical tools
● Data visualization expertise
● Machine learning
● Statistical modeling
● Programming
Deep learning
Tools Excel
● SQL databases
● Tableau
● Power BI
● Python
● R
● TensorFlow
● PyTorch
● Hadoop
● Spark
Scope of Work Focus on descriptive analysis that provides insight into past and current states. Work on predictive and prescriptive analysis, including forecasting and optimization algorithms.
Impact on Business Supports business through tactical insights and immediate outcomes. Influences larger business decisions and long-term strategies.
Educational Background Typically requires a background in business, statistics, or related fields. Often requires higher educational attainment or specialized training in analytics and machine learning.

The Bottom Line

To enter the field of data science, you need a relevant educational background in fields like computer science, statistics, or data science itself, and a robust set of technical skills, such as proficiency in Python or R, understanding of machine learning, and expertise in data visualization tools.

You should also take the time to gain certifications to validate your skills and stand out in the job market, as well as get some hands-on experience through projects, internships, or contributions to open-source platforms. Networking and continuously updating your skills are important for career advancement.

If you’re interested in technology and analytics, pursuing a career in data science can be both rewarding and challenging and provide plenty of room for professional growth and innovation.


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Marshall Gunnell
IT & Cybersecurity Expert
Marshall Gunnell
IT & Cybersecurity Expert

Marshall, a Mississippi native, is a dedicated expert in IT and cybersecurity with over a decade of experience. Along Techopedia, his bylines can be found on Business Insider, PCWorld, VGKAMI, How-To Geek, and Zapier. His articles have reached a massive readership of over 100 million people. Marshall previously served as the Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) and technical staff writer at StorageReview, providing comprehensive news coverage and detailed product reviews on storage arrays, hard drives, SSDs, and more. He also developed sales strategies based on regional and global market research to identify and create new project initiatives.  Currently, Marshall resides in…