How to Mine Monero: A Comprehensive Step-By-Step Guide 2024

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Monero (XMR) is a popular privacy-focused cryptocurrency that validates new blocks of transactions and expands its blockchain with a mining-based Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus mechanism.

Therefore, mining Monero involves using computing power to solve complex mathematical problems, which in turn helps to secure the network and process transactions.

Key Takeaways

  • Monero is a privacy cryptocurrency that utilizes the RandomX algorithm, which is optimized for CPUs.
  • Monero can be mined using different method, including solo mining, pool mining, and cloud mining.
  • Before starting, it’s essential to consider the hardware requirements and electricity costs.
  • Miners are compensated with Monero coins and transaction fees.

What is Monero?

Launched in 2014, Monero (XMR) is a privacy-centric cryptocurrency intended to enable completely anonymous and untraceable transactions. Unlike Bitcoin and many other cryptocurrencies, Monero uses a special kind of cryptography to ensure that all transactions remain 100% unlinkable and untraceable.

In addition to its privacy features, Monero is also designed to be resistant to application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), which are commonly used in cryptocurrency mining. The resistance is intended to prevent the kind of mining centralization seen in other cryptocurrencies, thus promoting greater decentralization.

Monero Features

Monero stands out in the cryptocurrency world for its strong emphasis on privacy, security, and decentralization.

Here are some of the key features that define Monero:


Monero’s most lauded feature is its ability to ensure complete privacy and anonymity.


Monero is committed to keeping the network more decentralized than those of many other cryptocurrencies.

Dynamic Scalability

Unlike many cryptocurrencies, Monero does not have a pre-set block size limit. Instead, its block size can adjust dynamically based on the network’s requirements, which helps in accommodating increasing transaction volumes without sacrificing speed.


Being built on the principles of obfuscation, Monero provides robust security features.

Adaptive Block Size and Fees

Monero has an automatically adjusting block reward and dynamically calculated transaction fees, which can decrease as transaction volume increases.

What is a Monero Miner?

A Monero miner is a software application or a hardware device used to mine the cryptocurrency Monero (XMR).

Software-based Monero miners, also known as mining software, are programs that utilize the processing power of a computer’s CPU or GPU to solve complex mathematical problems. Once a solution is found, the miner adds the block of transactions to the Monero blockchain and is rewarded with newly minted Monero coins as well as transaction fees.

Hardware-based Monero miners, on the other hand, are specialized devices designed specifically for mining cryptocurrencies. These devices, known as mining rigs or ASIC miners, are highly efficient at performing the necessary computations for mining.

Types of Monero Mining

Chart showing the different types of Monero mining

Monero mining can be broadly categorized into several types based on the hardware used, the method employed, and whether the miner works alone or as part of a group.

Here are the main types of Monero mining:

Solo Mining

In solo mining, the miner independently performs the mining operations. The miner uses their own hardware to solve cryptographic puzzles without the assistance of others.

Pool Mining

Pool mining involves multiple miners combining their computational power to increase their chances of successfully mining blocks. Rewards are then shared among the participants based on the amount of computational power each contributed.

Cloud Mining

Cloud mining allows individuals to participate in cryptocurrency mining by renting computing power from a service provider instead of owning and maintaining mining hardware.

CPU Mining

Monero’s mining algorithm, RandomX, is designed to be optimal for CPUs. This type of mining uses the processor of a computer to perform mining tasks.

GPU Mining

Although not as effective for Monero as for other cryptocurrencies, GPU mining uses a computer’s graphical processing unit to mine.

What to Consider Before Mining Monero

Before diving into Monero mining, there are several important factors to consider, including:

  1. Hardware Requirements: Monero’s RandomX algorithm is designed to be efficient on CPUs, but users can still use GPUs.
  2. Electricity Costs: Calculating the cost of electricity in your area is important, as this can be a major expense in mining operations.
  3. Mining Pool vs. Solo Mining: Miners need to decide whether to join a mining pool or go solo.
  4. Profitability and Market Conditions: Potential miners need to analyze trends in mining difficulty and rewards. As more miners join the network, the difficulty of mining increases, which can reduce the profitability over time.
  5. Technical Expertise: Setting up and maintaining mining software and hardware requires a certain level of technical ability.
  6. Heat and Noise: Mining hardware can generate a significant amount of heat and noise.

How to Mine Monero?

Monero uses a PoW algorithm called RandomX, which is optimized for general-purpose CPUs and provides everyone with an equal opportunity to mine using consumer hardware. This approach not only democratizes mining but also strengthens the security of the network by dispersing the mining activity across a wider range of participants.

To mine Monero, users need a computer with a powerful CPU or a dedicated mining rig, mining software like XMRig or XMR-Stak, and a Monero wallet. They then need to configure the mining software with their wallet address and choose to mine solo or join a mining pool.

The next step is to start the mining software, which will use hardware to solve mathematical problems and contribute to the Monero network. Miners will earn mining rewards for validating transactions, which are sent to their wallets.

How to Mine Monero on Android?

Mining Monero on an Android device is technically possible but not recommended due to the limited processing power of mobile devices, which results in extremely low profitability and potential damage to the device due to overheating and battery degradation.

If users still wish to proceed, they should follow these steps:

  1. Download mining apps designed for Android, such as MinerGate, from the Google Play Store.
  2. Once installed, they need to create an account, select Monero from the list of cryptocurrencies, and start mining.

How to Mine Monero on PC?

To mine Monero on a PC, users should take the following steps:

  1. Ensure they have a computer with a powerful CPU (as Monero’s RandomX algorithm is optimized for CPU mining).
  2. Download and install mining software compatible with Monero, such as XMRig. The software should be configured by editing the configuration file to include the miner’s Monero wallet address and selecting a mining pool to join, which will help achieve more consistent earnings.
  3. Once configured, the mining software should be started; it will connect to the mining pool’s server and begin processing transactions. It is important to monitor the system’s performance and temperatures to ensure it runs efficiently and safely.

How to Mine Monero with GPU?

Users who wish to mine Monero with a GPU first need to verify that their mining software supports GPU mining for Monero’s RandomX algorithm, which predominantly favors CPUs. If compatible, they should install and configure suitable mining software, such as XMRig.

The miner should include their Monero wallet address in the configuration and connect to a reliable mining pool to enhance the likelihood of consistent earnings. Once set up, they can launch the mining software to start processing transactions.

Monero Mining Rewards

Monero mining rewards are issued to miners as an incentive for contributing their computational power to process transactions and secure the network.

The reward consists of a fixed block reward, that decreases gradually over time in a process known as “tail emission,” where the block reward will eventually stabilize at 0.6 XMR per block indefinitely to ensure continued miner participation even after the main emission is completed.

In addition to the block reward, miners also receive transaction fees generated by the transactions included in the block they mine.

Monero Mining Software

Monero mining software is a specialized software designed to utilize the hardware of a computer to mine Monero cryptocurrency by solving cryptographic puzzles.

Popular Monero mining software includes:

  • XMRig
  • MoneroSpelunker

Each mining software caters to different types of hardware, like CPUs and GPUs.

Monero Mining Wallets

Popular Monero wallets include the official Monero GUI wallet, which offers robust security features and privacy protections, and MyMonero, a user-friendly web-based option. There are also mobile wallets like Cake Wallet and Monerujo that provide convenience for managing funds directly from a smartphone.

7 Tips to Protect Your Monero Wallet

Image showcasing the tips to protect your Monero wallet

Here are several tips to help secure your Monero (XMR) wallet effectively:

  1. Use a strong password
  2. Enable two-factor authentication (2FA)
  3. Keep your software updated
  4. Use a hardware wallet
  5. Backup your wallet
  6. Be cautious of phishing attacks
  7. Use secure networks

Mining Monero Pros and Cons

Pros pros

  • Privacy and anonymity
  • Decentralization
  • Profitability
  • Supporting the network

Cons cons

  • Hardware and electricity costs
  • Heat and noise
  • Complexity and maintenance
  • Market volatility

Future of Monero Mining

The future of Monero mining remains promising, largely driven by Monero’s commitment to privacy and security. As Monero continues to resist ASIC mining, it maintains a more decentralized mining landscape, allowing individuals with standard hardware to participate.

However, the future also hinges on regulatory challenges, as governments may target privacy-centric coins like Monero due to concerns over illicit activities.

The Bottom Line

Monero utilizes a PoW algorithm called RandomX, optimized for CPUs, which democratizes mining by enabling it on consumer hardware, thus enhancing network security through wider participation.

To begin mining Monero, one needs a powerful CPU or dedicated rig, appropriate mining software like XMRig or XMR-Stak, and a Monero wallet. Users must configure their mining software with their wallet address and decide whether to mine solo or join a pool.


How long does it take to mine one Monero?

Is mining Monero still profitable?

What is the best method to mine Monero?

What do I need to start mining Monero?

Is Monero illegal in the US?

Can I mine Monero with my CPU?

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Ruholamin Haqshanas
Cryptocurrency journalist
Ruholamin Haqshanas
Cryptocurrency journalist

Ruholamin is a crypto and financial journalist with over three years of experience. Apart from Techopedia, he has been featured in major news outlets, including Cryptonews,, 24/7 Wall St, The Tokenist, Business2Community, and has also worked with some prominent crypto and DeFi projects.  He holds a Bachelor's degree in Mechatronics. Ruholamin enjoys reading about tech developments, writing, and nature-watching