Terraform Labs, Behind UST and LUNA, Finally Declares Bankruptcy

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Terraform Labs, the team that bought “stablecoin” UST to the crypto market and offered speculators the chance of profit via LUNA, has declared bankruptcy in the US.

It marks a long, downward journey for Terraform Labs, which began with the de-pegging of UST in May 2022 —  leading to real harm among those who were using or holding the stable currency, and wiping out an estimated $40 billion between UST and LUNA.

LUNA, also known as Terra, was used as a stabilizing force for UST, until it all came crumbling down.

The algorithmic stablecoin proved naysayers right when it lost its $1 peg — plummeting to around $0.02 in 48 hours, and led to a domino effect that significantly impacted the broader cryptocurrency market.

Key Takeaways

  • Terraform Labs, the creator of the TerraUSD (UST) stablecoin, has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the United States.
  • The end follows the catastrophic depegging of UST in May 2022, which sent shockwaves throughout the crypto industry, erasing billions of dollars in investor wealth.
  • The implosion saw LUNA, at times trading above $100, collapse to fractions of a cent in a devastating ‘death spiral’.

The once bullish financial stature of Terraform Labs now has estimated assets and liabilities ranging between $100 million and $500 million, a stark contrast to the company’s former ambitions.

Meanwhile, co-founder Do Kwon awaits his fate, which may include extradition from Singapore to the US to face trial over the alleged fraud.


The bankruptcy filing reveals a complicated web of financial troubles, with Terraform Labs now entangled in legal battles across multiple jurisdictions.

In the United States, a formidable legal challenge looms from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which has filed a $40 billion fraud lawsuit against the company.

Additionally, a recent US court ruling that classifies LUNA and another Terraform Labs coin called Mirror (MIR) as securities adds complexity to the company’s predicament.

Regulatory Fallout: Impact on Terra’s Tokens and Market

The repercussions of the implosion, and now the bankruptcy filing, are palpable in the crypto market.

LUNA climbed to highs of $100 per token while UST retained its peg — but today is worth fractions of a cent.

The entire saga is expected to have far-reaching effects on the stablecoin market, potentially ushering in a new era of regulatory scrutiny and tighter controls.

It is likely to catalyze a shift in investor perception, fostering a more cautious approach to stablecoin investments — indeed, this has likely already happened.

The Bigger Picture: Navigating the Chapter 11 Process

Despite the daunting challenges ahead, Terraform Labs says it remains committed to fulfilling its financial obligations to employees and vendors, intending to continue its operations without external financing.

The company also plans to expand its Web3 offerings, an endeavor that appears to be a bid to salvage some value from its crumbling empire.

For investors, the saga of Terraform Labs serves as a cautionary tale about the fragility and risks inherent in the cryptocurrency market.

It highlights the need for rigorous financial management and transparent operations within the crypto industry.

While Terraform Labs navigates its bankruptcy proceedings, it stands as a stark reminder of the volatility and unpredictability of the crypto world.

The Bottom Line

As Terraform Labs files for bankruptcy, the crypto community watches closely to see how this once-giant will navigate its complex legal and financial challenges.

This development is not just a pivotal moment for Terraform Labs but also a critical juncture for the entire cryptocurrency industry, signaling a potential shift toward greater accountability and regulatory compliance.

The unfolding story of Terraform Labs will undoubtedly be a defining chapter in the history of cryptocurrency.


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Sam Cooling
Crypto & Blockchain Writer
Sam Cooling
Crypto & Blockchain Writer

Sam Cooling is a crypto, financial, and business journalist based in London. Along with Techopedia, his work has been published in Yahoo Finance, Coin Rivet, and other leading publications in the financial space. His interest in cryptocurrency is driven by a passion for leveraging decentralized blockchain technologies to empower marginalized communities worldwide. This includes enhancing financial transparency, providing banking services to the unbanked, and improving agricultural supply chains. Sam has a Master’s Degree in Development Management from the London School of Economics and has worked as a Junior Research Fellow for the UK Defence Academy.