Upcoming IPOs: 11 Hottest Listings to Watch Out for in 2024

Will the global IPO market burst back into life this year in the wake of Reddit’s successful flotation on the New York Stock Exchange?

Industry observers believe a stable economic backdrop could tempt more businesses to consider going public over the coming months.

But what will be the next hottest listings? Here, we consider which new companies could make their stock market debuts – and how you can get involved.

As well as highlighting the best upcoming IPOs, we’ll also look at the most reliable IPO calendar sources and reveal the latest IPO market information.

Key Takeaways

  • There is “cautious optimism” for an initial public offering (IPO) recovery this year as the economic backdrop stabilizes after a challenging 2023.
  • Last year (2023) was the slowest year for new market debuts since 2019 – and the fourth quarter was the slowest since 2012, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence.
  • The hottest IPO so far in 2024, Reddit, successfully listed on the NYSE on March 22 under the ticker RDDT.
  • Researching potential IPO candidates and the sectors in which they operate is vital. Make sure you know everything you can about the business before committing your money.

Upcoming IPOs: What to Expect This Year

Last year was dismal for IPOs and ended on a particularly poor note, with just 370 companies going public in the last quarter of 2023.

This compared to 417 in the same period in 2022 and 921 during the fourth quarter of 2021, according to a study by S&P Global Market Intelligence.


But the good news is there’s “cautious optimism” for an IPO recovery in 2024 as the macro landscape stabilizes, according to PwC’s Global IPO Watch 2023 and outlook for 2024.

“Increasing economic confidence as the macroeconomic landscape stabilizes, growth in equity indices and a backlog of demand for exits all point to the potential re-opening of Western IPO markets in 2024,” it stated. “In contrast, China shows signs of greater uncertainty going forward.”

This enthusiasm has been helped by the social media platform Reddit’s long-awaited and successful IPO in March.

However, anyone looking at investing in IPOs must be aware of the headwinds.

“This renewed optimism is tempered by geopolitical uncertainties, and with elections in 2024 for a significant proportion of the world’s population, IPO windows will rapidly open and close.”

Recent IPOs 2024: How Has the Year Started?

This year kicked off on a “cautiously optimistic note” with 287 deals completed raising $23.7 billion, according to the EY Global IPO Trends Q1 report.

George Chan, EY Global IPO Leader, pointed out that many newly listed companies saw their stock valuations surpassing their offer prices. He wrote:

“This trend could indicate an improvement in valuations and pricing levels, reflecting growing confidence among both issuers and investors.”

Industrials, consumer, and technology were the top three IPO sectors by number, whereas the financial sector witnessed a substantial decrease in the number of well-performing IPOs.

Global IPO Activity by Number of IPOs

Tech IPOS 2024: The next biggest trend?

Reddit reassured the market there was an appetite for IPOs when it made its debut on the New York Stock Exchange in March.

Dan Coatsworth, investment analyst at AJ Bell, believes a key reason for the enthusiasm surrounding Reddit was its links to the hot investment theme of artificial intelligence.

“Investors have a ferocious appetite to buy shares in anything linked to AI, as evident by the storming share price performance of names like Nvidia and Meta Platforms over the past year or so,” he said. “Nvidia’s sales have soared thanks to demand for its chips that power AI.”

AI is experiencing significant growth in the private realm, with most businesses in the seed or early stages of venture capital funding, according to EY’s George Chan.

“It suggests potential for a wave of IPOs in future years as these companies reach maturity and seek to leverage public markets for further growth,” he said.

Which Could Be the Hottest IPO Stocks of 2024?

There’s always speculation about new IPO stocks poised to make their debut – so what are the possible upcoming IPOs to watch?

You can find out about upcoming IPOs from exchanges themselves, company announcements, and articles on news sites.

A good example is the Nasdaq IPO calendar which gives details of past and upcoming market debuts, along with price information and their trading symbols.

Here we look at 11 of the hottest new stocks that could appear on the market in 2024.

Company Name Estimated Valuation ($bn)
Shein $66
Stripe $53
Databricks $43
Fanatics $31
Chime Financial $25
Klarna $20
StubHub $13
Panera Brands $7.5
Skims $4
Liquid Death $1.4
Applied Nutrition $1.3

1. Shein – Estimated IPO Value: $66bn

The Chinese fashion retailer is believed to be planning to list on the US stock market but faces several obstacles to turn this into reality.

The company reportedly made a confidential filing with the SEC last year that will enable it to adjust its paperwork and address queries before making it official.

The Financial Times recently reported that senior executives at Shein were holding talks with regulators in the Chinese capital to get their blessing for a listing in New York.

However, US Senator Marco Rubio has written to the US Securities and Exchange Commission to raise his concerns about a possible IPO. He stated:

“Shein’s collaboration with Chinese regulators raises serious doubts that its IPO filings are complete and accurate.”

Shein, which was founded back in 2012, offers a full range of clothes for men, women and children, as well as beauty and home products.

According to the company, it employs nearly 10,000 people and sells to more than 150 countries.

Russ Mould, investment director at AJ Bell, said Shein had been a “disruptive force” in fashion e-commerce and had become one of the most popular global platforms.

He told Techopedia:

“It seems the retailer wants to be seen as a global business and what better accolade than having a listing in the US, where it might also achieve a premium valuation given its rapid growth.”

However, Mould believes reports suggesting it’s now seeking Beijing’s approval implies the listing process could be somewhat drawn out. He said:

“Tensions are high between the US and China, meaning Shein is going to have to jump through many hoops if it stands a chance of achieving a US IPO.”

2. Stripe – Estimated IPO Value: $53bn

Stripe is a financial technology business that was founded by two brothers, Patrick and John Collison, while they were attending college in Ireland.

The company has dual headquarters in San Francisco and Dublin, as well as offices in London, Paris, Singapore, Tokyo, and other locations around the world.

Its software and solutions enable businesses of all sizes – from startups to listed companies – to accept payments and manage their businesses online.

Stripe, along with Reddit and Databricks, are all considered “prime IPO candidates,” according to The Financial Times newspaper.

Although Stripe hasn’t commented on the possibility of an IPO happening, speculation continues to swirl around the business.

Earlier this year, Baxter Lanius, chief executive and founder of Alternative Payments, predicted that Stripe would IPO by early 2025. He wrote on Linkedin:

“Stripe’s platform is clearly differentiated in the market, they know it and now they mean business.”

Last March, Stripe announced agreements had been signed to fundraise more than $6.5bn (€6.15bn) at a $50bn (€47bn) valuation. In a statement, it said funds raised would be used to provide liquidity to current and former employees and address employee withholding tax obligations related to equity awards.

John Collison, Stripe’s co-founder and president, declared the internet economy was still young and opportunities over the next 12 years would dwarf those of the past. “There’s so much to discover and to create,” he said.

However, in a recent interview with the Financial Times he emphasized that the company was in no rush to go down the IPO route.

3. Databricks – Estimated IPO Value: $43bn

The US software company, which has origins in both academia and the open-source community, is also tipped for an IPO this year.

Speculation about the tech firm potentially going public has been around since before the COVID-19 virus struck four years ago, but the rumors persist.

In an interview with CNBC Television last year, Ali Ghodsi, the company’s co-founder and chief executive, declared: “We will go public when the time is right.”

Databricks, which was founded back in 2013, claims that 9,000 organizations across the world rely on it to help with their data engineering needs.

Its focus is to “simplify and democratize data and AI,” thereby helping data teams within businesses to solve some of the world’s toughest problems.

These businesses are said to include household names, such as ABN AMRO, Condé Nast, Regeneron and Shell.

Databricks describes itself as a “unified, open analytics platform” for building, deploying, sharing and maintaining data, analytics and AI solutions.

In September 2023, the company announced Series I funding, which raised more than $500m and valued the business at $43bn.

Last summer, Databricks acquired MosaicML, a leading generative AI platform that’s known for its state-of-the-art MPT large language models (LLMs).

At the time, Ghodsi commented:

“We are excited to welcome the MosaicML team of top AI researchers and engineers to the Databricks family and look forward to collaborating with them to build the future of data and AI.”

4. Fanatics – Estimated IPO Value: $31bn

This US-based global powerhouse has established itself as a leading name in the world of licensed sports merchandise.

The company, which partners with major leagues such as the NFL and NASCAR, has become a mobile-first, direct-to-consumer global brand.

As well as its e-commerce operations, Fanatics also has retail operations in flagship stores, as well as an in-house merchandise and manufacturing division.

According to Sophie Lund-Yates, lead equity analyst at Hargreaves Lansdown, interest has been building in this business over recent months.

She told Techopedia:

“Sports fans are very loyal, and that can translate into sticky revenue. There are some big questions that will still need answering if Fanatics decides to IPO – one will be valuation.”

In recent weeks, Fanatics has hit the headlines with news that basketball legend LeBron James was moving his trading card sponsorship to the company after 20 years with rival Upper Deck. James has also voiced a short video, entitled ‘Origins of Greatness,’ to accompany the move.

In a statement, Mike Mahan, chief executive of Fanatics Collectibles, said he was “thrilled and honored” to have him join the Fanatics family.

“Our goal is to push the envelope of where the hobby can go and are excited about how our collaboration with one of the best athletes in the world will continue to ignite fan and collector passion.”

5. Chime Financial – Estimated IPO Value: $25bn

Chime is a San Francisco-based financial technology company that partners with banks to offer services such as deposit accounts.

It’s been linked to an IPO for the last few years, with reports suggesting it had held preliminary talks with investment banks about a possible flotation.

At one stage, the company reportedly had an estimated value of around $25bn. However, that was when interest in a potential IPO was at its peak in 2021. It’s likely to be lower today.

In an interview broadcast on Bloomberg in late 2023, Chris Britt, Chime’s founder and chief executive, hinted that an IPO could be part of the company’s future. He said:

“It’s not something we have planned on in the short term, but are as IPO-ready as a company can be and certainly have the scale to be a nice public company.”

He went on to say that the company’s executives would wait and see how the economy plays out over the first half of 2024.

In August 2021, Chime announced that it had raised $750m in a funding round led by Sequoia Capital Global Equities. This valued the startup at $25bn.

Recently, Bloomberg reported that Chime was planning a US listing in 2025, attributing the claim to a “person familiar with the situation”.

6. Klarna – Estimated IPO Value: $20bn

The Swedish buy-now-pay-later startup, which was founded in 2005, has long been expected to go down the IPO route when its management feels conditions are right.

However, that time could be fast approaching, with reports this week claiming it’s moving forward with plans for a potential US listing.

The AI-powered global payments provider claims to have 150 million active global consumers in 45 markets, making more than two million transactions daily.

Sebastian Siemiatkowski, its co-founder and chief executive, had previously told the Financial Times that the fintech had met his requirements for an IPO to take place. These were to become well-established in the UK, have a sustainable business model, and still have plenty of growth ahead.

The vision of Klarna’s founders – Siemiatkowski, Niklas Adalberth and Victor Jacobsson – almost 20 years ago was to make online payments “easy and safe” for consumers.

In November 2023, Klarna reported a net profit in the third quarter of 2023, which it said demonstrated the “agility and robustness” of its business model.

Sebastian Siemiatkowski said:

“Our growth has accelerated in Q3 and we will build on this momentum in Q4 with further investments to drive value to our consumers and merchants alike.”

7. StubHub – Estimated IPO value: $13bn

If you’ve ever tried to get tickets to a popular concert or sporting event, the chances are that you’ll be familiar with StubHub.

The company has been a leading marketplace for fans to buy and sell tickets for more than 20 years, and its operations now span over 90 countries.

It was founded back in 2000 by Eric H. Baker and Jeff Fluhr as a business school project before being sold to eBay for $310m in 2007.

Four years ago, the business was sold for $4.05bn to Viagogo, which was also founded by Baker.

The company has also pledged to give back to the community, with its StubHub Foundation and StubHub’s charitable giving resulting in more than $4m going to more than 50 organizations.

So, what are the chances of a StubHub IPO? Will it be joining the ranks of new stocks on the stock market?

According to a report in The Information, StubHub has hired a new finance chief, Connie James, to try and take the business public.

Meanwhile, a separate report from Morningstar suggested strategists from Renaissance Capital were anticipating an IPO from StubHub.

8. Panera Brands – Estimated IPO Value: $7.5bn

The casual dining group, whose brands include Panera Bread and Caribou Coffee, has already restructured its senior leadership in preparation for going public.

The changes saw current CEO Niren Chaudhary becoming Chairman of Panera Brands and handing the CEO reins to José Alberto Dueñas, currently President and CEO of Einstein Bros. Bagels.

In a statement, the company said the moves would establish the “next generation of CEO leadership and Board governance” ahead of its eventual IPO.

The group has since filed confidential paperwork for an IPO in the US, according to a report in the Financial Times.

Panera Brands, which is owned by investment group JAB, is one of the world’s largest fast-casual restaurant platforms, with 3,852 locations and 120,000 employees.

The company has stated that its companies are independently operated and underpinned by industry-leading technology, loyalty, craveability, and high-quality ingredients.

If a new IPO is completed, it will mark a return to the market for the company as Panera Bread, one of the group’s key brands, was publicly traded before being acquired by JAB for $7.5bn in 2017.

9. Skims – Estimated IPO Value: $4bn

The American shapewear and clothing brand was co-founded by Kim Kardashian, Emma Grede and Jens Grede back in 2019.

The company, which was valued at around $4bn in its latest round of funding, has a focus on body positivity and inclusivity.

According to its website, Skims is focused on setting new standards by providing solutions for every body type – and it’s keen for social media influencers to help spread its message.

“From technically constructed shapewear that enhances your curves to underwear that stretches to twice its size, our goal is to consistently innovate on the past and advance our industry for the future,” it stated.

In October 2023, Skims announced it was the official underwear partner of the NBA, the Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) and USA Basketball.

In a statement, Kim Kardashian said:

“Together, SKIMS and the NBA will connect people of all backgrounds through fashion, sport, and talent, and I look forward to seeing the partnership thrive.”

10. Liquid Death – Estimated IPO Value: $1.4bn

This has got to be one of the strangest names for a company – but it’s one that you’re unlikely to forget, so it’s clearly a marketing masterstroke.

The Los Angeles-based canned water company, whose tagline is ‘Murder Your Thirst,’ was founded by advertising whizz Mike Cessario.

Its drinks, which come in aluminum cans, include Mountain Water, Sparkling Water, Mango Chainsaw, and Severed Lime. There’s also Death Dust, which are sticks of electrolyte drink mix and iced teas.

Walmart, Tesco, 7-Eleven and Target are among the outlets stocking the Liquid Death products, and they’re also available on Amazon.

The company declares on its website:

“Our evil mission is to make people laugh and get more of them to drink more healthy beverages more often, all while helping to kill plastic pollution.”

The company also offers a huge variety of merchandise with Liquid Death branding, including caps, t-shirts, hoodies and even watches.

According to a report in The Information last summer, Liquid Death hired Goldman Sachs to lead a potential IPO, making it a possible contender for this year.

Bloomberg recently reported that Liquid Death had secured new capital that raises the value of the startup to $1.4bn.

11. Applied Nutrition – Estimated IPO Value: $1.3bn

Applied Nutrition is a fast-growing UK sports brand that makes premium supplements for professional athletes and fitness enthusiasts.

The company, which is based in Liverpool, has reportedly been interviewing bankers about a listing that could take place later this year.

Industry observers believe this could potentially lead to a £1bn ($1.3bn) IPO on the London Stock Exchange in autumn.

Applied Nutrition, which is understood to have been 30% owned by JD Sports Fashion since 2021, has enjoyed strong growth in recent years.

The company had a turnover of £61.2m ($77.28m) in the year ending 31 July 2023. This was 74% (£25.9m/$32.7m) up on the previous year’s £35.2m ($44.5m), according to its latest financial statements.

It has also recently made a number of appointments, including the arrival of Andy Bell, who founded financial services firm AJ Bell, as chairman.

Tony Buffin, the former chief executive of Holland & Barrett, has also joined the board as a non-executive director.

In a statement, Applied’s chief executive, Thomas Ryder, insisted that Bell’s “deep understanding of the sector” will be extremely beneficial.

“Andy is a Liverpool success story who has built a household name from scratch and his multi-decade experience will be invaluable to Applied Nutrition,” he said.

Hargreaves Lansdown, a UK-based financial services firm, pointed out that a flotation could potentially happen quickly, with little notice.

“While the story is being reported in the press, it’s yet to be confirmed by the Liverpool based manufacturer and wholesaler of sports nutrition products,” it noted.

How to Trade or Invest in IPO Stocks

Before you invest in new IPOs 2024, there are some important things to consider.

  1. Research the Market

    You need to know everything you can about the company going down the IPO route, as well as the sector in which it operates. Ask yourself a series of questions: How successful has it been? Is it involved in an already crowded area? Does it have a unique way of operating, or are there plenty of rivals in its industry?
  2. Read the Offer Prospectus

    You must go through this document very closely before deciding to invest, according to Barclays, the London-based bank. “This will give you important information about the company, its future plans, and the types of risks it might face,” it stated.
  3. Invest in an IPO

    Before you can invest in an IPO, you need to determine if your stock broker offers access to new issues and any eligibility requirements, according to Fidelity.

“Typically, higher-net-worth investors or experienced traders who understand the risks of participating in an IPO are eligible,” it stated. “Individual investors may have difficulty obtaining shares in an IPO because demand often exceeds the amount of shares available.”

Benefits and Pitfalls of Investing in IPO stocks

Are you interested in investing in IPOs? It’s worth remembering that there are various pros and cons when it comes to investing in IPO stocks.


  • Investing early in a stock that may enjoy significant growth.
  • It is exciting to be involved in a company’s journey.
  • You get to learn about a business through your IPO research.


  • Lack of available information on the company.
  • Potential for an IPO to be overly hyped.
  • Risk if the company fails to perform as expected.

Investing in an IPO is a step into the unknown. In the best-case scenario, it enables investors to get in at a relatively cheap level and then reward them with share price increases over subsequent years.

A great example is the US tech giant Microsoft. It went public in 1986 with a $21 offering that increased to $35.50 before the end of the first day. As of February 28, 2024, the MSFT stock is trading at $407.63.

Investing in a newly public company can be financially rewarding, but there are risks involved, according to Fidelity. It stated:

“It’s also important to remember that there is no guarantee that a stock will continue to trade at or above its initial offering price once it starts trading on a public stock exchange.”

While it’s true that many successful companies have gone public, skepticism is encouraged, according to Unbiased.

“Investing in an IPO can be a risky business,” it stated. “The price that shares are initially sold at can attract investors and traders who may sell them quickly to make easy gains, causing share prices to fluctuate.”

Largest Global IPOs of All Time

So, what have been the best IPO stocks? While the last year has been relatively quiet, IPOs have a long history of putting new companies in stock market indices around the world. The big question is will any of the proposed new IPOs beat the historical giants?

Oil giant Saudi Aramco is the largest IPO of all time and raised $25.6bn in 2019, according to Statista. This figure then increased to $29.4bn after selling an additional 450 million shares.

This replaced Alibaba Group, the Chinese multinational technology company, which raised $21.77bn in 2014. SoftBank Corp, the Japanese investment company, comes in at number three with $21.35bn.

Chart showing largest IPOs ever.
Chart showing largest IPOs ever. Source: Statista

Meanwhile, the most recent IPOs include Amer Sports. In early February 2024, this sportswear company celebrated its first day of trading.

The Bottom Line: Are IPOs a Good Investment?

Yes, an IPO can be an attractive investment. It can enable you to get involved in a company at an early stage and participate in its subsequent growth.

This can result in the stock price rising substantially over time and you potentially doubling or tripling the value of your original investment.

However, they are not a guaranteed route to riches. If an IPO proves unsuccessful, you could easily lose the entire value of your investment. Therefore, you must carry out thorough research on potential IPOs and never invest more than you can afford to lose.

Do your own research and always remember your investment decision depends on your attitude to risk, your expertise in the stock market, the spread of your portfolio, and how comfortable you feel about losing money.

The information in this guide does not constitute investment advice and is meant for informational purposes only.


What is the next big IPO in 2024?

What are the best upcoming IPOs?

Where to monitor upcoming IPOs?

How to find upcoming IPOs?

How to trade in IPO stocks?

Is investing in IPOs a good idea?

What are the risks of trading or investing in an IPO?


  1. Worldwide IPO activity marks slow end to 2023 | S&P Global Market Intelligence (Spglobal)
  2. Worldwide IPO activity marks slow end to 2023 | S&P Global Market Intelligence (Pwccn)
  3. EY Global IPO Trends Q1 2024 | EY – Global (Ey)
  4. IPOs – Latest & Upcoming IPOs – Taking a Company Public | Nasdaq (Nasdaq)
  5. Reddit, Shein and Stripe may lead a revived IPO market in 2024 (Morningstar)
  6. Fast-Fashion Giant Shein Files to Go Public – WSJ (Wsj)
  7. Shein seeks Chinese regulators’ tacit approval for US public offering (Ft)
  8. Letter to Chairman Gensler re SHEIN (Rubio.senate)
  9. About Us | SHEIN UK (M.shein.co)
  10. Stripe Newsroom | Information and assets (Stripe)
  11. IPOs: start-ups that missed their moment risk alienating employees (Ft)
  12. Baxter Lanius (Linkedin)
  13. Stripe announces new round of funding and plan to provide employee liquidity (Stripe)
  14. Stripe in ‘no rush’ to go public as cash flow turns positive (Ft)
  15. ‘We will go public when the time is right’, says Databricks CEO Ali Ghodsi – YouTube (Youtube)
  16. Databricks is the data and AI company (Databricks)
  17. What is Databricks? | Databricks on AWS (Docs.databricks)
  18. Databricks Raises Series I Investment at $43B Valuation – Databricks (Databricks)
  19. Databricks Completes Acquisition of MosaicML – Databricks (Databricks)
  20. LeBron James signs Fanatics deal, leaves Upper Deck (Cnbc)
  21. Origin of Greatness – YouTube (Youtube)
  22. LeBron James Joins Fanatics in Exclusive Multi-Year Trading Card Deal (Fanaticsinc)
  23. IPO Revival In 2024: Plaid, Chime, And Kim Kardashian’s Skims Among Potential Market Movers (Markets.businessinsider)
  24. Watch Chime CEO Sees Some Weakening Among US Consumers – Bloomberg (Bloomberg)
  25. Fintech firm Chime valued at $25 bln after $750 mln funding (Reuters)
  26. Chime Financial Targets Public Listing in US in 2025 (Bloomberg)
  27. Klarna in Talks With Banks for US IPO at $20 Billion Value (Bloomberg)
  28. Klarna ready for IPO when conditions improve, says chief (Ft)
  29. We’ll be back soon! (Klarna)
  30. Klarna announces profitable quarter as it gears up for biggest shopping season yet (Klarna)
  31. eBay Completes Sale of StubHub (Ebayinc)
  32. StubHub Hires New CFO With Eyes on 2024 IPO (Theinformation)
  33. These 3 Hot IPOs Have Cooled Off—Here’s What That Means for the Market (Morningstar)
  34. Panera Brands Prepares IPO With Next-generation Leadership and Board Appointments | Panera Bread (Panerabread)
  35. JAB’s Panera Brands files confidential IPO paperwork (Ft)
  36. JAB Completes Acquisition of Panera Bread Company (Globenewswire)
  37. SKIMS IPO: Register For Updates & Alerts on SKIMS Shares (Hl.co)
  38. Influencers | SKIMS (Influencers.skims)
  40. Mikecessario (Linkedin)
  41. About Us – Liquid Death (Liquiddeath)
  42. Liquid Death Hires Goldman Sachs, Aiming for 2024 IPO — The Information (Theinformation)
  43. Liquid Death Is Valued at $1.4 Billion in New Financing Round (Bloomberg)
  44. JD Sports-backed Applied Nutrition plots £1bn London float (News.sky)
  45. Applied Nutrition’s Post (Linkedin)
  46. Applied Nutrition IPO: Register For Updates & Alerts on Applied Nutrition Shares (Hl.co)
  47. Investments explained (Barclays.co)
  48. Investing in IPOs and other equity new issue offerings (Fidelity)
  49. Microsoft goes public (News.microsoft)
  50. What is an initial public offering (IPO) and how can you invest? (Unbiased.co)
  51. Largest all-time global IPOs as of 2023 | Statista (Statista)
  52. Amer Sports celebrates first day of trading at the NYSE | Amer Sports (Amersports)
  53. IPO Calendar (Marketwatch)

Related Reading

Related Terms

Rob Griffin
Financial Journalist

Rob is a seasoned journalist with over three decades of experience spanning across business and finance journalism. Before embarking on a freelance career in 2002, he contributed his expertise to the business desks of notable publications such as the The Guardian, Yorkshire Post, Sunday Business (now Business Post), and Sunday Express. Throughout his freelance journey, Rob has been a regular contributor to a wide range of national newspapers, consumer magazines, trade publications, and websites. His work has appeared in titles such as The Independent, Citywire, Daily Express, FT Adviser, and Sunday Telegraph, covering an array of subjects from market trends…