There are lots of drawbacks. Data science is still mostly a male field – hard to advance, hard to get equal pay and opportunities. In fact, it has been shown and backed by much research in the industry that women make less than men: about 75¢ compared to the $1.00 a man makes, and for women of color it is even less, sometimes as low as 55¢ compared to the $1.00 a man makes. In addition, women find it harder to move into leadership and executive roles. Women also struggle to get on company boards. However, it has been proven that when women are in leadership roles and also on company boards, they improve revenue for the company considerably.
I did a dissertation focused on this specific topic. I studied the significant factors of why some women excel in leadership roles within information technology. I surveyed over 200 women, and I found the most significant factor that really propelled women into leadership roles is the factor of sponsorship. Sponsorship is key and it is different than mentorship. Sponsorship is advocating women into these types of leadership roles. (Also read: 5 Ways to Support Women in Your Tech Company.)
The good thing for data science is that it is a newer field so there is room for changes to be made. Promoting women and also having women in technology has a positive impact on the technical fields. There are so many famous women who have made a difference in technology. Women just need to be given a chance. Look back on history and see the impact women have had on computer science, astronomy, biology, etc.