Satoshi Nakamoto

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Who is Satoshi Nakamoto?

Satoshi Nakamoto, a name synonymous with the origins of cryptocurrency, is the pseudonymous figure behind the inception of Bitcoin (BTC).


In 2008, this elusive figure penned the Bitcoin whitepaper, subsequently launching the first-ever decentralized cryptocurrency and pioneering the revolutionary blockchain technology.

While the name has become iconic within crypto circles, the true identity (or identities) behind the moniker remains shrouded in mystery.

Who is Hiding Behind the Mask?

Speculation about Nakamoto’s identity has been rife since Bitcoin’s inception, but no conclusion has been definitive.

Here are three of the most prominent candidates:

  • Dorian Nakamoto: In 2014, Newsweek pointed to Dorian Nakamoto as Bitcoin’s creator due to coincidental similarities, such as their libertarian leanings and Japanese heritage. However, this claim was refuted by Dorian himself, stating he had nothing to do with Bitcoin. The community’s outrage at the invasion of his privacy led to a crowdfunded apology, raising 102.23 BTC in support of Dorian.
  • Craig Wright: Unlike others, Craig Wright openly claimed to be Satoshi Nakamoto. In 2015, Wired Magazine suggested they had robust evidence pointing to Wright’s identity as Satoshi, including blog entries, leaked emails, and legal transcripts. However, inconsistencies emerged, leading many, including Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin, to label him a fraud. Still, Wright remains a prominent figure in the crypto world, leading a fork of Bitcoin Cash and acting as Chief Science Officer at nChain.
  • Nick Szabo: Credited with pioneering the concept of smart contracts, Szabo conceptualized ‘Bit Gold,’ a precursor to Bitcoin, in 2008. Due to stylistic similarities between his and Satoshi’s writings, and Szabo’s involvement with early cryptographic digital payments, some believe he might be the real Nakamoto.

Additionally, the usage of “we” throughout the Bitcoin whitepaper has led to theories that Satoshi Nakamoto might be a collective of individuals.

Why is Satoshi Nakamoto Important?

Nakamoto’s significance within the crypto ecosystem is monumental. Beyond being the founder of Bitcoin, Satoshi embodies the philosophical essence of cryptocurrency. Their writings and the Bitcoin whitepaper are invoked regularly during debates about Bitcoin’s evolution.

For instance, the contentious forking of Bitcoin Cash saw both factions claim alignment with Nakamoto’s vision.

But Nakamoto’s influence isn’t merely philosophical; financially, Satoshi’s shadow looms large.

Estimates indicate that bitcoin wallets associated with Nakamoto hold roughly 1.1 million BTC, with only 21 million coins ever to be mined, this means Nakamoto could control 5% of all the supply.

The vastness of this holding could, theoretically, impact bitcoin’s value significantly if liquidated, though the coins remain untouched, leading many to believe that they might never be moved.

The Bottom Line

Satoshi Nakamoto, irrespective of true identity, has left an indelible mark on the world of finance and technology.

The decision to remain anonymous, especially given potential pressures from governments and institutions, may have been pivotal in allowing Bitcoin to grow organically, free from a central figure’s influence.

When Wikileaks opted to accept Bitcoin donations in 2011 (the first-ever organization to do so), it drew considerable attention from intelligence and law enforcement communities, potentially jeopardizing the cryptocurrency’s nascent stage. Satoshi’s response was poignant:

“Bitcoin is a small beta community in its infancy… the heat you would bring would likely destroy us at this stage.”

This protective stance reflects Satoshi’s vision of a communal and decentralized financial future.

While there’s an ever-present desire to uncover the enigma of Nakamoto’s identity, some believe Bitcoin’s strength lies in its creator’s anonymity.

As time passes, the likelihood of Satoshi’s coins being moved diminishes, and the mystery surrounding their identity only deepens.

For many, this enigma is part of Bitcoin’s allure and a testament to its decentralized and autonomous nature.


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Sam Cooling
Crypto & Blockchain Writer
Sam Cooling
Crypto & Blockchain Writer

Sam Cooling is a crypto, financial, and business journalist based in London. Along with Techopedia, his work has been published in Yahoo Finance, Coin Rivet, and other leading publications in the financial space. His interest in cryptocurrency is driven by a passion for leveraging decentralized blockchain technologies to empower marginalized communities worldwide. This includes enhancing financial transparency, providing banking services to the unbanked, and improving agricultural supply chains. Sam has a Master’s Degree in Development Management from the London School of Economics and has worked as a Junior Research Fellow for the UK Defence Academy.