Network Termination Unit

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What Does Network Termination Unit Mean?

A network termination unit (NTU) is a device that links the customer-premises equipment (CPE) to the public switched telephone network (PSTN). The device serves as the last point of connection between the two. Typically, the service provider is the owner of the NTU, which usually supports various communication standards, including protocols and voltages, to allow different device types to communicate with the PSTN.

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Techopedia Explains Network Termination Unit

An NTU connects ISDN-based CPE to ISDN lines. It allows the CPE to be linked to the switching device at the central office (CO).

A digital ISDN CPE, like an ISDN phone or a router, normally includes an ISDN S/T interface, whereas the ISDN termination at the customer’s end generally includes a U interface with an RJ-45 connector. The NTU transforms the ISDN line’s U termination into one or more basic coding S/T interfaces. These interfaces are ideal for connecting routers, digital ISDN-ready phones as well as other types of equipment to an ISDN line.

An NTU works differently from an ISDN terminal adapter, which allows users to connect faxes, analog telephones and similar devices to an ISDN line. An NTU generally supports either a multipoint or a point-to-point connection across distances as long as 5.4 kilometers on 26-AWG twisted-pair copper cabling. Some modern ISDN-enabled devices have a built-in U interface, which makes an NTU unnecessary.

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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert
Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.