How ChatGPT’s New Code Interpreter Lowers the Barriers for Data Science

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The ChatGPT Code Interpreter addresses data science challenges by empowering non-experts with language-based solutions for complex problems. It bridges skill gaps, automates data prep, and reduces the learning curve. Despite some limitations, like database access, the Code Interpreter simplifies data tasks, democratizing data science for a wide range of users.

In today’s data-driven landscape, organizations rely heavily on data for informed decisions and competitive advantage.

Amid this growing reliance, data science has emerged as a vital and demanding field, offering benefits while posing challenges such as skill shortages and steep learning curves.

The ChatGPT Code Interpreter extends ChatGPT’s capabilities, allowing users to solve complex math and data challenges with artificial intelligence (AI) using conversational language.

It addresses data science challenges, empowering non-experts, bridging skill gaps, easing learning curves, and automating data preparation for enhanced focus on high-value tasks.

Why Data Science Matters

Data science is a multidisciplinary field including statistics, math, data analytics, and artificial intelligence, aiming to extract actionable insights typically hidden within the datasets. These insights serve as guidance for decision-making and strategic planning.

The data science lifecycle involves various phrases, including data collection, data preparation and storage, data analysis and modeling, and representation of insights (for example, using visualizations) for communication.


Data science propels business growth and innovation by revealing opportunities and customizing offerings to better address customer requirements. Predictive analytics facilitates trend forecasting, while personalized experiences increase loyalty and contentment.

Additionally, data science optimizes resource allocation, boosting efficiency and reducing costs. Data science improves finance through applications like fraud detection, risk assessment, and market trend prediction, leading to informed decisions.

In healthcare, it aids diagnosis, drug development, and treatment planning, enhancing patient outcomes. It also influences social policies and advances research, spanning diverse domains.

Challenges of Data Science

Besides numerous utilities, data science also presents certain challenges:

Shortage of Data Scientists: The exponential growth in data science has earned it the distinction of being the “sexiest job of the 21st Century,” according to Harvard Business.

However, this impressive expansion has presented a significant challenge in meeting the rising demand for data scientists, which according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, is expected to increase by 36% by 2031.

Lack of Advanced Skills: One of the primary reasons for the scarcity of data scientists is the increasing demand for advanced skills in software engineering, data modeling, artificial intelligence, and machine learning.

According to Tufts School of Engineering, this requirement makes it challenging for organizations to find professionals with the necessary education and expertise in the field of data science.

High Learning Curve: It requires significant skill development and training to master various data science skills and technologies. This results in extended learning curves for new team members, raising concerns about onboarding time, knowledge transfer, and workforce scalability.

Tedious Data Preparation: Existing data scientists spend a substantial portion of their time, approximately 80%, on tedious data preparation tasks, which hinders their ability to focus on higher-value analytical and problem-solving activities.

What Is ChatGPT Code Interpreter?

The ChatGPT Code Interpreter is an extension of ChatGPT, enabling users to solve complex math and data-centric problems using simple English instructions in a simplified chat-like manner.

By unifying the strengths of ChatGPT and traditional programming, the Interpreter empowers users with a user-friendly solution for problem-solving, automating quantitative analysis, and data manipulations.

This powerful and interactive tool seamlessly integrates with various programming languages, facilitating code execution and experimentation.

With the Code Interpreter handling coding intricacies, users are liberated from debugging, focusing on extracting meaningful data insights with ease.

This dynamic collaboration between AI and human intelligence ensures a seamless and productive data analysis experience, fostering discoveries in diverse applications.

Some of the salient features of code interpreter – when everything is working correctly – are:

Effortless Data Analysis: The Interpreter enables data scientists to execute code and obtain real-time outputs directly within the ChatGPT interface. This liberates users from the need to extensively learn a programming language.

Handling Math and Word-Related Tasks: The Interpreter provides precision by transforming imprecise natural language into precise Python code before generating the output. This is more likely to lead to accurate results in quantitative and linguistic analyses.

Personal Data Analysis: Interpreter empowers users to upload and analyze personal data in the user-friendly environment of ChatGPT.

However, you may want to learn more about confidential computing or read why many companies are limiting confidential data being used in Generative AI.

AI-Powered Code Translation and Error Handling: The Interpreter seamlessly translates natural language instructions into efficient code execution. It also incorporates error handling and debugging capabilities, providing valuable insights to troubleshoot and refine code.

Collaborative Coding: The Interpreter allows multiple users to discuss, test, and refine code together, promoting knowledge sharing and problem-solving in a collaborative environment.

Uses of Code Interpreter for Data Scientists

Some of the typical uses of code interpreters for data scientists are as follows:

1. Data Manipulation and Transformation: Data scientists can use Code Interpreter for data cleaning, transformation, and pre-processing. They can efficiently manipulate datasets, handle missing values, and prepare data for modeling and analysis.

2. Statistical Analysis: Using the Code Interpreter, data scientists conduct diverse tasks like hypothesis testing, regression, ANOVA (Analysis of Variance), and clustering.

They can analyze correlations in a marketing dataset or perform ANOVA on an experiment dataset. This enables them to deeply understand underlying patterns and relationships within the data.

3. Machine Learning Model Development: The Code Interpreter enables data scientists to build a complete machine learning pipeline, handling data loading, pre-processing, model selection, training, testing, and visualization.

Simple prompts like “Apply a linear regression algorithm on a house price prediction dataset to build a model and visualize the results” drive the interpreter to execute algorithms, create robust models, and provide intuitive visualizations, expediting model development and enhancing accuracy.

4. Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA): The Code Interpreter empowers data scientists to swiftly explore datasets, generating summary statistics and creating visualizations for initial insights.

For instance, they can command the interpreter to create a histogram of customer ages in a retail dataset, unveiling the age distribution. Additionally, they can request a scatter plot to explore the relationship between product price and sales volume in a marketing dataset.

5. Complex Data Visualization: Using the Code Interpreter, data scientists create sophisticated visualizations, effectively communicating findings and presenting complex data in an interpretable format.

For instance, interactive heat maps reveal customer preferences, while 3D scatter plots visualize high-dimensional relationships. These powerful visuals empower data-driven decisions with clarity.

6. Advanced Mathematical and Computational Analysis: The Code Interpreter’s support for Python allows data scientists to perform advanced mathematical computations, simulations, and numerical analysis for complex data-driven research.

How Code Interpreter Overcomes Data Science Challenges

The ChatGPT Code Interpreter addresses several data science challenges:

Shortage of Data Scientists: The Interpreter empowers non-experts to solve complex data problems without extensive coding knowledge, alleviating the demand for a specialized workforce.

Lack of Advanced Skills: By enabling users to interact with data using natural language, the Interpreter bridges the gap between advanced skills and non-expert users, expanding the pool of individuals capable of effective data analysis.

High Learning Curve: Reducing the learning curve allows users to perform data-related tasks in a familiar conversational manner, minimizing the need for extensive training.

Tedious Data Preparation: The Interpreter automates data manipulation tasks, freeing up data scientists’ time from manual data preparation, allowing them to focus on higher-value analytical and problem-solving activities.

The Challenges of Code Interpreter for Data Scientists

While the ChatGPT Code Interpreter has shown a lot of promise for data science, it also faces some challenges to consider.

Lack of Database Accessibility: Data scientists often work with large and complex datasets stored in databases. These databases may reside on remote servers or within local networks.

The ChatGPT Code Interpreter does not have built-in capabilities to directly connect and interact with external databases, limiting its ability to query and fetch data in real time. This hinders dynamic data retrieval and real-time analysis.

No Internet Access: Due to privacy and security concerns, the ChatGPT code interpreter does not have Internet access.

Consequently, it cannot allow new packages from online repositories or fetch data from web services, posing challenges for data scientists and developers seeking external resources or third-party packages to enhance their code functionality.

Limited File Size: The ChatGPT Code Interpreter imposes a maximum file size restriction of 250 MB for uploaded data. This limitation can be challenging for data scientists dealing with large datasets.

Lack of Up-To-Date Data: The ChatGPT Code Interpreter lacks access to post-training data. This constraint poses challenges for data scientists dealing with real-time or up-to-date data that extends beyond the model’s training timeframe.

The Bottom Line

The ChatGPT Code Interpreter simplifies complex data science tasks using English instructions, addressing challenges in skill shortage and data preparation.

It offers a user-friendly interface for coding, executing code within ChatGPT, and translating language to code.

While facing limitations like database access and file size restrictions, the Interpreter empowers data scientists to efficiently analyze, model, and visualize data, advancing data-driven decision-making.


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Dr. Tehseen Zia
Tenured Associate Professor
Dr. Tehseen Zia
Tenured Associate Professor

Dr. Tehseen Zia has Doctorate and more than 10 years of post-Doctorate research experience in Artificial Intelligence (AI). He is Tenured Associate Professor and leads AI research at Comsats University Islamabad, and co-principle investigator in National Center of Artificial Intelligence Pakistan. In the past, he has worked as research consultant on European Union funded AI project Dream4cars.