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Database Security

Definition - What does Database Security mean?

Database security refers to the collective measures used to protect and secure a database or database management software from illegitimate use and malicious threats and attacks.

It is a broad term that includes a multitude of processes, tools and methodologies that ensure security within a database environment.

Techopedia explains Database Security

Database security covers and enforces security on all aspects and components of databases. This includes:

  • Data stored in database
  • Database server
  • Database management system (DBMS)
  • Other database workflow applications

Database security is generally planned, implemented and maintained by a database administrator and or other information security professional.

Some of the ways database security is analyzed and implemented include:

  • Restricting unauthorized access and use by implementing strong and multifactor access and data management controls

  • Load/stress testing and capacity testing of a database to ensure it does not crash in a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack or user overload

  • Physical security of the database server and backup equipment from theft and natural disasters

  • Reviewing existing system for any known or unknown vulnerabilities and defining and implementing a road map/plan to mitigate them
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