What is Google’s Secure AI Framework?
Google SAIF (Secure AI Framework) is a conceptual framework that provides best practices and a common language for addressing AI security and privacy issues in machine learning (ML) applications.
Google’s framework, which supports the guiding principles of responsible AI, is intended to make it easier for data scientists, software development teams, and business stakeholders to collaborate on artificial intelligence (AI) projects, and manage risk in a consistent manner.
Google’s AI framework was inspired by the best practices Google developed over the years for software development. Essentially, the SAIF framework extends Google’s well-established security by design principles for software development to AI lifecycle management.
6 Principles of the SAIF Framework
The SAIF framework is built around 6 guiding principles. It’s important to note that the principles below are not intended to be addressed in chronological order.
Instead, they should be regarded as interconnected elements that work together to address artificial intelligence security and privacy concerns throughout the AI systems’ lifecycle.
- Expand Strong Security Foundations for the AI Ecosystem
Review and evaluate how existing security controls apply to AI, and then determine what additional controls are required to keep AI systems safe.
This includes proactive management strategies for protecting AI supply chain assets, including training data. It’s important to integrate security considerations throughout the entire AI lifecycle, from initial idea conception to deployment and maintenance.
- Extend Detection and Response to Bring AI Into an Organization’s Threat Universe
Integrate AI into the organization’s broader security framework and use it to identify and remediate security and privacy issues. This involves keeping an eye on what goes into and comes out of generative AI systems that create content and using threat intelligence to predict and prepare for possible attacks. It’s important to understand that security is a shared responsibility for all stakeholders.
- Automating Defenses to Keep Pace With Both New and Existing Threats
Use AI to scale up and speed up defensive capabilities in a cost-effective manner. This includes recognizing that attackers will use AI to make their attacks bigger and more effective, as well as the value of using AI to save money while protecting against threats.
Implementing multiple layers of automated security controls is important to mitigate risks and prevent attackers from exploiting vulnerabilities.
- Harmonizing Platform-Level Controls to Ensure Consistent Security Across an Organization
Consistently use best practices and incorporate security controls and protective measures throughout the AI software development process.
This involves ensuring that every AI tool and platform within an organization has the same security controls. It’s important to continuously monitor AI systems for suspicious activity and vulnerabilities, and actively seek ways to improve every AI app’s security posture.
- Adapting Controls to Adjust Mitigations and Create Faster Feedback Loops for AI Deployment
Continuously test and update security measures for AI systems to address new types of technology and emerging threats. Strategies include fine-tuning AI models after deployment, supplementing training data, integrating security more deeply into software development, and regularly testing the system’s defenses.
- Contextualizing AI System Risks in Surrounding Business Processes
Understand and manage the risks associated with AI systems within the broader context of a business’s operations. This involves risk analysis, monitoring the entire lifecycle for data and AI operations, and setting up automated controls that continuously check on AI application performance and validate model reliability.
Why is SAIF Important?
The framework’s ability to be adapted for different AI scenarios, as well as its alignment with existing security frameworks, make it a valuable tool for any organization that is trying to harness the power of AI with a “security first” mindset to reduce risk.
What Does SAIF Do?
SAIF is designed to help mitigate risks that are specific to AI systems. The framework addresses concerns like model theft, data poisoning, prompt injection exploits, and attacks that try to extract confidential information.
Model Theft: SAIF promotes secure model storage and deployment practices that will make it harder for attackers to steal or copy valuable AI models. Best practices include encryption and discretionary access control mechanisms.
Data Poisoning: SAIF emphasizes data quality and integrity throughout the AI lifecycle. Best practices include techniques like data validation and anomaly detection to minimize the risk that a malicious threat actor could corrupt a model’s training and outputs.
Prompt Injection Exploits: SAIF encourages safe prompt engineering. Best practices include validation techniques designed to prevent malicious prompts from manipulating the model into generating harmful or inaccurate outputs.
Confidential Information Extraction: SAIF prioritizes data privacy and confidentiality. Best practices involve techniques like data minimization, pseudonymization, and differential privacy to minimize the amount of sensitive information that is exposed to the model and mitigate the risk of an attacker being able to extract confidential information through the model’s outputs.
How Google Has Implemented SAIF
Google has taken five steps to implement the safe AI framework internally. Their rollout strategy includes:
- Aligning SAIF with NIST’s AI Risk Management Framework and the first certifiable AI management system framework, ISO/IEC 42001.
- Working with AI practitioners to understand different priorities and perspectives regarding AI security risks and threat mitigation.
- Using Google’s threat intelligence teams, including TAG and Mandiant, to share information about malicious AI activity.
- Incentivizing research around AI safety and security by expanding Google’s Vulnerability Rewards Program (VRP) and bug-hunting initiatives.
- Partnering with GitLab and Cohesity to help customers build secure open source AI systems.
- Promoting red teaming as a strategy that will help organizations proactively prepare for attacks on their AI systems.
How Can AI Practitioners Implement SAIF?
Many organizations are either considering how to use AI for the first time or exploring ways to take advantage of generative AI capabilities.
In either case, it’s important for project managers, business owners, and other stakeholders to understand what problem AI is intended to solve, which type of AI model to use, and what data will train the model to solve the problem.
These three things will help drive the security policies, protocols, and controls that must be implemented as part of SAIF.
What is the name of Google’s AI model?
What security framework does Google use?
Does Google have an AI program?
Does Google have a red team?
What is safe and secure AI?
How are SAIF and Responsible AI related?
- ISO/IEC 42001 Certification – Artificial Intelligence (AI) Management System (SGS)
- Threat Analysis Group (TAG) (Blog Google)
- Prepare for the cybersecurity landscape in 2024 (Mandiant)
- Google and Alphabet Vulnerability Reward Program (VRP) Rules (Bughunters)
- Welcome to Google’s Bug Hunting community (Bughunters)
- Cohesity Announces Partnership with Google Cloud to Help Organizations Unlock the Power of Generative AI and Data (Cohesity)